Last updated on February 8, 2023

Anguished Unmaking - Illustration by Wesley Burt

Anguished Unmaking | Illustration by Wesley Burt

Did you know that “removed from the game” effects have been in MTG since the original Alpha set? What about the huge rework to change it to what we know now as exile?

The exile zone is a strange place that doesn’t really exist in other card games. What makes Magic’s so special, and why is it so prevalent?

Let’s dive in.

How Does Exile Work?

Merciless Eviction - Illustration by Richard Wright

Merciless Eviction | Illustration by Richard Wright

Exile is a zone in the game that you normally can’t interact with. Cards sent to exile aren’t usually able to come back until the end of the game unless they’re returned as part of an ability’s resolution. These cards are placed in the special “exile” zone face up unless a card says otherwise.

The History of Exile in MTG

Exile wasn’t always called that. It was known as “removed from the game” until the massive rules changes that came with Magic 2010. But we’ve seen cards that can remove things from the game since the very first set, Alpha.

While we don’t really have spoiler articles from way back when, two notable cards in Alpha can exile creatures: Disintegrate and Swords to Plowshares. It was templated as “removed from the game” for years until the aforementioned rules change.

The Magic 2010 rules changes brought an official name for the long-lasting zone with them. Now referred to as “exile,” it finally had an official name and became an evergreen keyword. It’s been in every set (in some form) since the start of the game and won’t be going anywhere anytime soon.

Why Does Exile Exist in Magic?

Exile has often been a place to temporarily hold cards for other abilities like suspend, adventure, and flicker effects. It’s also used as a way to have a graveyard-like zone with little to no interaction. Then there’s the additional costs for cards and abilities, but more importantly as graveyard hate.

Does Exile Count as Dying? Do Cards Go to the Graveyard?

Magma Spray

Creatures don’t go to the graveyard when they’re exiled. This means they don’t trigger any “when X dies” or graveyard triggers. This is also true for damage spells that have a potential exile clause, like Magma Spray.

Does Exile Count as Leaving the Battlefield?

Cards that are exiled still leave the battlefield. This is why you see flicker effects exiling permanents, because they leave and return as a new object.

Can You Look at Exiled Cards?

Rest in Peace

Exiled cards are exiled face-up in most cases unless the effect says otherwise. If you’re exiling cards with Rest in Peace, all of these cards will be visible, open info.

But there are plenty of abilities that say the cards sent to exile are sent there face-down. This is because the ability gives you the option to use that card later. These are important aspects of hidden info in abilities like foretell.

What’s the Difference Between Exile and Destroy?

Destroy effects always put that permanent in a graveyard while exiled cards always go to exile. They’re two different zones with different purposes and they don’t overlap.

How Does Exile Work with Indestructible?

Indestructible cards can’t be destroyed, but they can be exiled. Nothing about being exiled affects the card being sent to the graveyard, except if there’s a damage clause in order for it to be exiled. Cards like Disintegrate and Anger of the Gods don’t send anything to exile because the targets can’t be dealt lethal damage.

Can You Regenerate an Exiled Creature?

Nope. Once a card enters exile, it doesn’t have any abilities or properties unless the effect that put it there says so. Cards in exile also can’t be destroyed or put into combat, which means regenerate effects would do nothing.

How Can You Play Cards from Exile?

A card can sometimes be cast from exile depending on how it was put there. Effects like Apex of Power allow you to cast cards that the original card exiled while suspend cards like Arc Blade are cast when they leave exile.

The simple rule is, “if the card doesn’t say you can, then you can’t.”

How Can You Return Cards from Exile?

This is another rule that follows “if the card doesn’t say you can, then you can’t.” But there are a handful of cards that explicitly return other cards from exile. Mark Rosewater has said that he’s pretty against cards like these so I wouldn’t expect to see many more in future sets.



Riftsweeper is a creature that can shuffle one face-up exiled card back into its owner’s library.

Pull from Eternity

Pull from Eternity

Pull from Eternity can put a card into its owner’s graveyard.

Runic Repetition

Runic Repetition

Runic Repetition is only able to return an exiled card with flashback, but it goes to your hand.

Void Maw

Void Maw

Void Maw is a bizarre creature that can put cards that were exiled by it back into its owner’s graveyard.

Eldrazi Processors

Eldrazi Processors were a creature subtype with a unique mechanic in Battle for Zendikar. All of these creatures could return an exiled card an opponent controlled to their graveyard and an effect would trigger.

What Happens if a Commander is Exiled?

Back in the old days you could have gotten your commander exiled for good if you weren’t careful. But the current Commander rules state:

If a commander is in a graveyard or in exile and that card was put into that zone since the last time state-based actions were checked, its owner may put it into the command zone…

This means that you still have the option to return your commander to the command zone regardless of how it gets there. Theoretically you can just let it go to exile but that’s not wise in most cases.

Is the Command Zone the Same as Exile?

The command zone is a “special zone” used for certain effects and game modes, but it’s not exile. This zone doesn’t have anything to do with exile.

Does Exile Count as “Outside the Game”?

Funnily enough, no.

Research // Development

Before the rules update for Magic 2010, you could theoretically use cards like Research // Development to pull cards from outside the game which included the old “removed from the game” rule. But this rule no longer applies now that exile is a special zone in the game.

Does Retrace Exile?

Unlike flashback, retrace doesn’t exile the card once it’s cast. It’s just recast as if it was cast from your hand.


When a card is “blinked” or “flickered” it’s temporarily exiled before returning to the battlefield. It originated with Flicker, inspired by phasing.

When a creature that’s blinked is removed from the game it returns either on the ability’s resolution or at the beginning of the next end step. This happens automatically and the card is then considered to be a new permanent.

What is “Capping”? Or Surgical Extraction-ing Something?

There are only a handful of ways to remove specific cards from your opponent’s deck, most of which are known by the slang term “capping” or “surgical-ing.” These come from Jester’s Cap and Surgical Extraction, though there are a few other cards that are similar.

Bitter Ordeal

These cards are most frequently used to target specific combo pieces in competitive decks. I like to trigger infinite gravestorm triggers and exile entire libraries with Bitter Ordeal.

What Mechanics Use the Exile Zone Naturally?

There are actually a lot of ways the exile zone gets used in regular gameplay across all formats. Take a look:

  • Aftermath, flashback, and jump-start each exile the cast cards upon resolution of the ability.
  • Cipher exiles a card and lets you attach it to a creature, casting the spell if the creature deals combat damage to a player.
  • Embalm, eternalize, and encore all exile the card from the graveyard to get a token copy of the original creature.
  • Escape and delve have exiling cards from your graveyard as an additional cost, or to help pay for the card.
  • Foretell lets you exile the card from your hand to cast it for an alternate cost later.
  • Ingest exiles the top card from damaged players.
  • Meld actually exiles the card while resolving the meld ability for the final creature.
  • Rebound exiles the spell upon resolution, letting you recast it during your next upkeep.
  • Scavenge exiles a card from your graveyard to put +1/+1 counters on a creature like a twisted version of undying.
  • Suspend puts a spell into the exile zone until a specific number of time counters are removed. When there are no counters left you can cast the spell without paying its mana cost.
  • Unearth exiles the creature once the turn has ended or if it would leave play.

What Are Some Ways to Exile All Creatures?

There are a handful of cards that let you exile entire boards, just like a classic board wipe.

What Are Some Cards to Exile Graveyards?

This is the most common graveyard hate in Magic. Why let your opponent have access to a graveyard when you can just exile it all?

What Exiles Cards from a Library?

There are a few ways to exile cards from libraries. Some counterspells and discard spells, like Test of Talents, Dispossess, and Haunting Echoes let you target specific cards as part of the resolution.

Ulamog, the Ceaseless Hunger

Aside from targeted cards, there aren’t a lot of ways to exile cards from a library en masse. Ulamog, the Ceaseless Hunger can exile 20 cards at once and there are a handful of red cards that let you exile cards from the top of your library and cast them for a limited window.

What Cards Exile Spells on the Stack?

This is probably one of the most unique ways to exile something; by exiling it while it’s still on the stack.

You can potentially do this via Time Stop and similar effects, or just exile everything with a blanket effect by casting Summary Dismissal or Mindbreak Trap.

Best Exile Cards

Here are some of the best cards that exile stuff. These are scattered across different formats but you can see how dynamic the mechanic is.

Brutal Cathar / Moonrage Brute

Brutal Cathar is one of many kinds of creatures that exile another creature when it enters the battlefield, but not permanently.

Elite Spellbinder

Elite Spellbinder

Elite Spellbinder has been a mainstay in Standard, giving a tax to problematic cards as well as important information.

Vanishing Verse

Vanishing Verse

Vanishing Verse is by far the best removal in Standard right now since most threats are mono color.

Go Blank

Go Blank

Go Blank sees a lot of sideboard play since it gets rid of two cards from your opponent and also shuts off graveyard plans.

Swords to Plowshares

Swords to Plowshares

Swords to Plowshares is premier removal in Commander, Legacy, and Vintage, while Modern has to make do with Path to Exile.

Anguished Unmaking

Anguished Unmaking

Anguished Unmaking is more premier removal for Commander.

Merciless Eviction

Merciless Eviction

Merciless Eviction is one of the few mass-exile board wipes, and it hits a lot.

Ending in Exile

Runic Repetition - Illustration by Svetlin Velinov

Runic Repetition | Illustration by Svetlin Velinov

Exile has been in the game since its inception, though not always under the same name. It helped better establish the mechanic with the advent of changes that came with Magic 2010. Since then we’ve seen plenty of interesting design space within exile, some good and some bad.

What do you think about it? Are you happy with how exile works, or is it still confusing to you? Let us know in the comments or talk to us over on the Draftsim Discord.

That’s it for me! Wash your hands and stay safe out there!

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  • Avatar
    Justin June 20, 2022 5:18 am

    The answer to this question may be obvious to some, but I’m struggling with it, hence the asking: If I exile cards with one [[Unlicensed Hearse]] will a second one be pumped by them?

    • Avatar
      Dan Troha June 20, 2022 7:00 am

      Nope, when a card refers to itself by name, what it really means is “this (individual) card.”

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