Last updated on October 30, 2023

Tournament Grounds - Illustration by Cristi Balanescu

Tournament Grounds | Illustration by Cristi Balanescu

Greetings planeswalkers! A new Standard is right around the corner and the Pro Tour is coming back next year. Now is as good a time as ever to jump into competitive Magic!

But how does one go about this? With so many different formats, tournament types, and ways to play the game, it can be a bit intimidating to keep track of it all. I’d like to give you a full rundown on everything concerning MTG tournaments, online or paper.

Whether you’re a returning veteran, new to tournaments, or actively engaged in the competitive scene, I hope you’ll find this helpful. Let’s jump right in!

MTG Arena

MTG Arena Premier Play Structure

Released to the public just over three years ago, MTG Arena is the more accessible and popular of Magic’s two digital clients. Arena is the only major way to play Magic with a ranked ladder system. It’s also the sole platform for digital-only formats like Alchemy and Historic that feature rebalanced cards.

Qualifier Weekends

Qualifier Weekends are your first step towards greatness on Arena. If you’re experienced with the old system of paper Magic you can think of Qualifier Weekends roughly as PTQs. The purpose of a Qualifier Weekend is to feed into either the Arena Championship or Pro Tour depending on the specifics of the event.

You can qualify for Qualifier Weekends via Ranked Play or Play-In events, the latter of which is a recent addition. If you want to use Ranked Ladder to enter a QW you have to finish in the top 250 of any format. If you finish in the top 1,200 you’re awarded a free entry into a Qualifier Play-In. You can also qualify for a QW with a strong finish in an Arena Open.

Qualifier Weekends are always 2-day events, but the format can be anything from Standard, Limited (Sealed/Draft), Alchemy, Historic, and Explorer. Prizes for the tournaments are as follows:

Qualifier Weekend Day 1Qualifier Weekend Day 2
Event length: 7 wins or 2 lossesEvent length: 7 wins or 2 losses
0 wins: 500 gems0 wins: 250 gems
1 win: 1,000 gems1 win: 500 gems
2 wins: 3,000 gems2 wins: 1,000 gems
3 wins: 5,000 gems3 wins: 1,500 gems
4 wins: 7,500 gems4 wins: 2,000 gems
5 wins: 10,000 gems5 wins: 2,500 gems
6 wins: 15,000 gems6 wins: 3,000 gems
7 wins: 20,000 gems and entry to Day 27 wins: 5,000 gems and qualification for Arena Championship (and Pro Tour, once available)

Qualifier Play-Ins

Qualifier Play-Ins offer a more expensive but time-efficient route to qualifying for Qualifier Weekends. You can enter them as many times as you’d like when they are available. You must go 4-0 (BO3) or 6-1 (BO1) to advance to the Qualifier Weekend. Full payouts are listed below:

Qualifier Play-In (BO1)Qualifier Play-In (BO3)
Event length: 6 matches regardless of recordEvent length: 4 matches regardless of record
0 wins: 500 gems0 wins: 500 gems
1 win: 1,000 gems1 win: 2,000 gems
2 wins: 1,500 gems2 wins: 4,500 gems
3 wins: 3,000 gems3 wins: 6,000 gems
4 wins: 4,500 gems4 wins: 6,000 gems and entry to the Qualifier Weekend
5 wins: 6,000 gems
6 wins: 6,000 gems and entry to Qualifier Weekend

Arena Championship

The Arena Championship is MTG Arena’s analog to the Pro Tour. I played in one of these myself with Temur () Reclamation a few years ago after qualifying with mono-green food. They’re 15-round tournaments with a top 8 and a lot of cash prizes starting at $500 and escalating dramatically as you reach top 8.

They (sadly!) have no Limited component and have always been either Standard, Alchemy, or Historic for the full tournament.

Arena Opens

While not tied to the formal competitive play structure, Arena Opens are a popular way to engage with the game competitively. These events happen every couple of months in a lot of different formats, and you can usually expect one for each new Limited set. Doing well in Day 2 of these Opens could win you up to $2.5k in cold hard cash.

There’s a Day 1 that requires you to go 7-2 (BO1) or 4-0 (BO3) to advance to Day 2. You can enter Day 1 as many times as you want, but keep in mind that entries aren’t cheap at about $25 in gems a pop, so beware!

Once you’ve reached Day 2 you’re allowed 1-2 losses and can win a maximum of 6-8 matches depending on that specific Open. The most recent Open was two Drafts and single elimination, but past Opens have been double eliminations with 7-8 wins total.

As you win more and more matches you eventually hit cash prizes of $1k to $2.5k depending on record.

MTG Melee

Official events are by no means the only way to compete on MTG Arena. MTG Melee is a very popular third-party website that helps connect players to all sorts of available Magic tournaments.

Melee has a substantial variety of events in just about every format and is a great one-stop resource for finding events online or offline. Digital tournaments can also be run through the website itself, which incidentally is how the Arena Championship I played in was run.


Premier Play Pyramid

Paper MTG will always be the classic way to play Magic, even if the last few years haven’t been kind to it. Thankfully paper Magic is returning again, and Regional Championship Qualifiers provide a great reason to do so!

Regional Championship Qualifiers

Regional Championship Qualifiers are your first step towards greatness in paper MTG. If you played with the old system they’re more or less PPTQs. These are local tournaments hosted by game stores, with the format chosen by the store themselves. Prize support generally varies but you can expect either cash prizes or sealed product depending on what the LGS has to offer.

One nice bonus is that RCQs offer some free promos to players that compete or hit top 8, like these:

Most of the Regional Championship Qualifiers I’ve seen advertised online here in Central Florida have been Pioneer or Modern. Your experiences may be different depending on what kind of Magic people around you like to play. Be sure to test for whatever format you’re playing in!

Finding Regional Championship Qualifiers can be done in a couple of ways. There are three main tools I’d recommend you use.

WotC Event Locator

The official locator is my first stop to find stores and events in my area. Just enter your location and the site gives you all the best MTG spots in your area.

Note that the “Magic Premier Events” function unfortunately doesn’t seem to work, so rather than relying on that I’d recommend looking at the websites of game stores near you for tournaments. Feel free to give them a call as well to confirm any relevant event details.


This much-maligned social media site is an unironically great tool for Magic players, and it makes a great companion to the WotC Event Locator. Most local game stores have Facebook pages where they advertise tournaments and special events they’re hosting.

There are also local MTG Facebook groups like “MTG Orlando” where you can find events, trades, and players to test with.

Casual Events

Before we get into Regional Championships I just wanted to briefly touch on casual paper events. Despite me calling them “casual,” these are a great place to get in reps with a deck or format before you play it in a more serious tournament.

Friday Night Magic

This is the classic standard for casual or semi-casual play. Your mileage with FNM will vary immensely based on your area. Some shops have 40+ man FNMs every night while others might fail to fire an 8-player Draft every week.

It’s good to do a bit of window shopping with the store locators to find the best locations at a reasonable distance!

Store Championships

Store Championships are the “Pro Tour” of casual events and usually give you decent prizes or bragging rights at your LGS. WotC often prints promos for these as well, like the Arbor Elf and Collected Company ones I won last year.

You won’t qualify for anything by winning one of these, but it’s always a good time!

Other Store Events

FNMs and Store Championships are by no means the only local events out there. You might find cEDH tournaments, Chaos Sealed tournaments, local Modern $1ks, and more depending on your LGS.

A bit of research could be your first step towards a more fulfilling experience with MTG.

Regional Championships

Regional Championships are your next step towards the Pro Tour. You can think of them as PTQs if you’re an old system veteran. You have to qualify for an RC by winning an RCQ, and then place well to advance to the Pro Tour next year.

Teferi, Hero of Dominaria

Winning the RCQ (no small feat) immediately qualifies you for Worlds! And all participants in a RC are gifted a Teferi promo, with foils going to top finishers.

The next Regional Championship in America is at Dreamhack Atlanta from November 18th to 20th with a prize pool of $150k! There will likely be several more RCs next year too.

The Pro Tour

The most prestigious event in Magic finally returns in 2023! Players who qualify for the Pro Tour represent their country on the global stage for MTG.

I have fond memories of the paper Pro Tours I played years ago (Hour of Devastation, Ixalan, Dominaria, and Throne of Eldraine) and am personally thrilled that the PT is back. There aren’t a ton of details on how exactly the Pro Tours are going to be run just yet. All we know is that “early 2023” is the target and $500k is the estimated prize pool.

The World Championship

While I still maintain that the Pro Tour is more prestigious, World’s is the actual end boss of competitive MTG. Think of it as the secret second form of the final boss of a classic RPG!

The road to World’s is surely a long one, but there’s no greater accomplishment in Magic than winning World’s. The prize pool for World’s scales to match this with an estimated total prize pool of $1 million spread between about 128 competitors.

Other 2022 Tournaments

Magic 30th Anniversary (Las Vegas, October 28-30)

It may be hard to believe, but MTG is going to be 30 years old soon. To celebrate this, a massive tournament/con of sorts is being held in Las Vegas in October 2022.

There are all sorts of events happening at the con, the highlights being Worlds, the Magic 30 Championship (an exclusive event that culminates in a Beta Rochester Draft), an Unfinity Draft with Lead Designer Mark Rosewater, and more.

Tickets for this event have already gone up for sale. I won’t be attending, but maybe you will!

MTG Summit (Salt Lake City, November 11-13)

Summit is an extravagant and private MTG event by Kingdom Events with no direct WotC affiliation. The event advertises its VIP ticket first and foremost, which gives you a number of goodies and entry into many events for a whopping $499.

If you don’t want to spend more than four booster boxes just to enter the venue, you can buy smaller packages like $50 for a 5k entry, or $60 for a Brother’s War prerelease, or $20 for an on-demand event.

I’m curious to see how many people go for the VIP option rather than just paying into whatever events they want to play. Regardless, I might be attending myself thanks to the appealing collection of tournaments here. Maybe I’ll see you there!

Magic Online

magic online

Arena’s uglier older cousin is still a solid way to compete at Magic. Once you get over the initial learning curve for the interface, MTGO is actually quite nice. Especially if you play formats like Modern or Pioneer, which aren’t on Arena.

Magic Online has some unique play systems worth covering for tournament play.

MTGO Currencies

The first thing to understand about competing on Magic Online is that there are multiple unique currencies you have to manage. There are three main currencies plus a few other objects you might be given as you play Magic Online.

Event Tickets


Event Tickets are the primary currency of MTGO and can be used to enter events and buy cards from bots. They have a conversion rate to the dollar of roughly 90 cents a ticket, but this number varies over time.

You can farm event tickets by selling unused cards or product to bots, or just buy them via Magic Online or third-party vendors.

Play Points

Play Points

Play Points were added to MTGO several years ago. They’re a secondary currency that can only be used to enter events. They have no use for the secondary market as you can’t sell or trade them.

You should always use play points instead of tickets to enter events because of their lack of liquidity. Ten play points are roughly equivalent to $1 given Event Ticket rates to enter events.

From a business perspective, Play Points provide a way for WotC to keep the player continuously entering events since some of their prize pool comes in the form of a currency with no value other than entering more events.

Qualifier Points

Qualifier Points

Qualifier Points are the basic competitive currency of Magic Online. You earn these via Leagues and Preliminary events and can use 40 QPs to enter most tournaments. QPs are sometimes required for entry, but other times you might have the option of either 40 QPs, 40 Event Tickets, or 400 Play Points.

I like to spend my QPs whenever possible because I usually end up with too many of them. Try to get any grinding done in advance so you aren’t caught cramming for a tournament!

Competitive Trophies

Competitive Trophies

You accumulate Competitive Trophies as you win Leagues. Collect enough Trophies by the end of a season and you can unlock exclusive avatars. They have no resale value or other purpose, they’re just for aesthetics.

Magic Online Championship Series Leaderboard Points

MOCS leaderboard points

This is a unique currency you can win for placing well in certain events. The two players with the most Magic Online Championship Series Leaderboard Points are invited to both the next Pro Tour and the MOCS, Magic Online’s most prestigious event.



Preliminaries are your basic PPTQ-style event on Magic Online that are used to qualify for other events. You can acquire QPs gradually through grinding leagues, but Prelims offer the best return for your time if you can place 3-1 or better.

Prelims are available for just about every format and are 4-round events with payouts based on standings.

Super Qualifiers

Super Qualifiers are similar to RCQs but happen on Magic Online instead of paper. They’re held one or two times a month in a variety of Constructed and Limited formats.

Super Qualifiers are usually between seven to nine rounds with a cut to top 8 and then a top 8 playoff. The winner qualifies for the next Regional Championship, but even those who just top 8 are paid out fairly well ($150+ in value with $600 in value going to first).

They can be time-consuming but have personally helped pay my rent for many years.

Magic Online Championship Series Qualifier Events

There have been a variety of ways to qualify for the MOCS over the years. MOCS Opens can take you directly there, while smaller Qualifier events have been an option for a PPTQ to PTQ-style entry.

Currently you have to qualify for Showcase Challenges, which feed directly into the MOCS.

Magic Online Championship Series

The MOCS is the most prestigious event on Magic Online. It’s an invite-only 8-player competition with a $70k prize pool. Eighth place gets you $5k while first gets you $20k and entry to the next Pro Tour or Worlds!

This year’s MOCS is Modern Cube/Pioneer, but the format varies from year to year, The last one was Vintage Cube/Modern. It’s a long haul to qualify for the MOCS but is well worth it if you play a lot of Magic Online.

Wrap Up

Tidy Conclusion - Illustration by Bastien L. Deharme

Tidy Conclusion | Illustration by Bastien L. Deharme

Competitive Magic is the best form of Magic there is, and I severely doubt I’d still be playing this game eight years after I started if not for its tournament scene. Though the-virus-that-must-not-be-named did do some unfortunate damage to MTG, the planeswalker’s spark of competition burns on in the hearts of many. It’s my hope that eventually I’ll once again be seated at a Pro Tour Draft pod, ready to go 3-0 against some of the world’s best.

What’s your favorite tournament out there? Do you think that Arena has better events than Magic Online or the other way around? Or is paper your preferred way to play? Let me know in the comments down below or join the discussion in the Draftsim Discord. And if MTGA is your go-to, make sure you’ve got Arena Tutor to help you out while you practice.

Until next time, may your tournaments always go well for you!

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