Last updated on August 17, 2022

Ulamog, the Ceaseless Hunger | Illustration by Michael Komarck

Ulamog, the Ceaseless Hunger | Illustration by Michael Komarck

Whenever WotC releases a new set, we get plenty of new and returning mechanics to mess around with. But for now, let’s take a step back and talk about old sets.

You’ve probably heard the Historic format being mentioned before. If you’re wondering what Historic is or where the format is going, then you’re in luck! That just so happens to be exactly what we’re gearing up to talk about today.

So, sit down and buckle up while we take a ride through this old and exciting format.

What the Heck is Historic?

Exile into Darkness MTG card art by Pete Venters

Exile into Darkness | Illustration by Pete Venters

We’ve talked about Standard rotation before, but here are the basics that you need to know for now: WotC releases four new sets every year, one per quarter (i.e., every three months), and the four oldest sets are removed from Standard play when the last set is released around September or October. But where do the older sets go? Are they exiled into nothingness?

The answer is no, they do in fact still exist. Cards from rotated out sets can still be played outside of Standard, but it wasn’t that long ago that MTGA didn’t have any formats to support that. This is where the Historic format—not to be confused with historic spells from Dominaria—steps in.

Back in September 2019, Wizards announced the new MTG Arena Historic format. This format is unique to MTGA and allows players to build their decks from the older sets on the client. Originally that meant Ixalan to the most recently released set.

Since then, however, they’ve released a few anthologies and remastered sets that have brought back some older cards. Historic has quickly become one of the most played competitive formats on Arena thanks to these inclusions.

Playing Historic on MTG Arena

If you’re itching to try out this format, then dust off your old collection and let’s get right into it!

You can find the Historic queue in the “Play” menu where you can pick between the BO1 and BO3 queues, called “Historic Ranked” and “Traditional Historic Ranked” respectively. You could also play Historic decks in the unranked play queue by clicking on “Historic” in the deck selection menu before picking your deck. And then there’s also Historic events that pop up every now and then.

MTG Arena Historic Play Queue

When it comes to these events, MTG Arena has two basic options for you that emulate the Standard Event and the Traditional Standard Event. Special Historic events come around every so often, one of the biggest ones being the Historic Challenge.

For the more competitive players out there, be on the lookout for the occasional Arena Open. Arena Opens are hyper-competitive tournaments where you’ll duel against Magic’s finest players for some amazing prizes. Although we’ve only had two Arena Opens to date featuring the Historic format, there’s a good chance that there will be more Historic Arena Opens in the future.

WotC launches new events every month, so keep an eye on our events calendar to stay up to date on what events are current, what’s coming up, and what you’ve missed. If you’re not familiar with any of these, here are the details:

The Making of Historic Decks (A Step-by-Step Guide)

Before we move on to some of the most popular and most successful decks of the format so far, let’s take a look at the actual mechanics of making a Historic deck in MTG Arena. It’s fairly simple: all you have to do is select either “Historic” or “Traditional Historic” when selecting the format for a new deck, and then you can either filter by specific sets or just select your little heart away.

If you’re not familiar with MTGA’s UI and need a bit more guidance, fear not! We’ve got your covered:

1. Open your “Decks” tab and then click on the white plus icon to start a new deck

MTG Arena create new deck

2. Select either “Historic” or “Traditional Historic” from the format drop-down menu

MTG Arena deck building format selection

3. Select the cards that you’d like to add to your deck (if you need to use wildcards, check out this tutorial on how to do that)

  • You can either use the search bar on the top right to find specific cards or the advanced filters to sort by card type, cost, rarity, set, color, and if you’ve collected them
MTG Arena deck building advanced filters and search bar
  • Quick note: Suspended cards will be faded and have a red tint to them. When you hover over them, a big “Not Legal” notice will show up, and when you try to finish a deck with suspended cards you’ll get this message:
MTG Arena Banned Cards in Deck Notice

4. If you’re planning on playing Traditional Historic, open the “Sideboard” tab and then repeat the steps for adding cards here

MTG Arena deck building Sideboard tab

5. Return to the Deck tab to return to the main deck and then click “Done”

MTG Arena deck building Done button

And that’s it! Congratulations, you’ve now got your very own Historic deck. If you’re looking for inspiration for new decks or just aren’t sure what you want yet, take a look at some of the most popular options below.

(Wild)cards, Suspensions, and Sets, Oh My!

If you’re a newer player who hasn’t been on Arena for a long time, then you probably don’t have a lot of cards from older sets. Until the next rotation, sets released before Zendikar Rising are no longer Standard legal. This means that getting cards from any of those older sets is limited to special events, opening packs from the set, or getting the cards individually with wildcards.

Getting a complete Historic deck can be somewhat of a challenge since there are so many older sets out there. It would cost you a fortune to buy enough packs of every set to build a deck that can also win you games. On top of that, some Historic-only additions have come out that aren’t available for purchase anymore. So what’s the easiest way to get those cards?

Wildcard Crafting

Dosan's Oldest Chant MTG card art by Tim Hildebrandt

Dosan’s Oldest Chant | Illustration by Tim Hildebrandt

Initially, the crafting cost for Historic cards was going to be 2:1 but, as I’m sure you would expect, the player base was beyond not happy with this announcement. Developers said that they wanted to “find a balance for the long-term health of MTG Arena,” but they eventually reverted back to the normal 1:1 cost.

“New” Historic Cards

In November 2019, WotC launched the Historic Anthology event and released 20 “new” cards for the format with it. The Anthology was available for purchase in Arena’s store for a short time for gold or gems. This event and the new cards were introduced as a way to spice up Historic deck building and encourage players to use the new format.

When Wizards originally announced their intention to release “new” cards for Historic, they mentioned having a goal to release cards each quarter after the first one in November 2019, but they were a little bit behind on that. Instead, we got something even better: Jumpstart and two remastered sets, Kaladesh and Amonkhet. These brought back a ton of favorites from older sets plus a plethora of new competitive cards.

MTG Arena Historic Anthology Event

Historic Anthology I

The Historic Anthology I bundle was fairly expensive at 3,400 gems, but you could also use wildcards to craft the ones you wanted instead. The bundle contained a play set (i.e., four copies) of these cards:

Historic Anthology II

Next up, the Historic Anthology II was first released on February 28, 2020 and there are 25 new Historic cards to play with. The bundle cost either 4,000 gems or 25,000 gold (ouch) and contained four copies of these cards:

Historic Anthology III

Then we’ve got the Historic Anthology III, which introduced 27 cards for Historic with four copies of each, as usual. It would’ve set you back 25,000 gold or 4,000 gems if you wanted to add these to your collection from the store. Take a look at what you got:

Historic Anthology IV

Next there’s the Historic Anthology IV. This playset introduced 25 new cards for Historic on Arena. It would set you back the same amount as the previous anthology, 25,000 gold or 4,000 gems, and of course came with the typical four copies of each card. These were released to the digital platform on March 11 and will be leaving the store on June 10. Here’s what you get:

Historic Anthology V

Finally we have our most recent addition to the lot, Historic Anthology V. There’s nothing new or ground-breaking here: four copies each of 25 new Historic cards that’ll set you back 25,000 gold or 4,000 gems. This set arrives May 27 and will be around for purchase until August 12. Here’s the full list of what you can buy:

Historic Anthology VI

Did I say there was nothing new here? Sorry, that’s my bad. I lied a little bit. There’s nothing technically new with the anthology itself, but we will be getting some pretty cool Phyrexian-language styles for all five Praetors from this anthology: Elesh Norn, Grand Cenobite, Jin-Gitaxias, Core Augur, Sheoldred, Whispering One, Urabrask the Hidden, and Vorinclex, Voice of Hunger. It looks like it’s going to be part of a Secret Lair drop some time in the future, so keep your eyes peeled for that if it’s something you’d be interested in getting your hands on!


We need to address the big elephant in the room: Alchemy.

Alchemy was created to give a new twist on playing Magic, available exclusively through the MTGA client. It’s a game mode with two kinds of cards.

  • Digital Only Cards: These cards are only available in MTGA and are exclusive to the Alchemy and Historic formats.
  • Rebalanced Cards: These are versions of cards that already exist and were either buffed or nerfed depending on how underwhelming or dominant they were respectively. If you already owned a copy of a rebalanced card in its original state then you automatically get a copy of it in its Alchemy form.

A handful of new mechanics were also introduced: draft, seek, conjure, and perpetually. These mechanics are only available digitally.

This has caused a lot of controversy regarding the economy, as there are very few ways to get a hold of Alchemy cards outside of just crafting them. But, to be fair, only a handful of them even see competitive play anyway. Still, it would’ve been nice to make an Alchemy-draftable set to get these cards.

Hopefully that’s coming soon, but the only way to get your hands on these cards for now is by crafting them.


Explorer was recently introduced on Arena as a way to emulate the Pioneer format.

This means that we’ll have a card pool close to the one in Pioneer soon. WotC has added bundles called “Explorer Anthology” to accomplish this, similar to their Historic counterparts.

Banned and Suspended Cards

While other formats have ban lists for cards that can’t be used, Historic has that plus “suspended” cards. Long story short, cards that land on Historic’s suspended list are temporarily banned and may be unsuspended in the future. You also won’t get wildcard refunds for suspended cards like you do with banned cards.

Even banned cards get unbanned sometimes, though, so it seems like this is just to avoid prematurely giving out wildcards. If you want the long story, check out WotC’s announcement on this.

This was last updated on January 25, 2022:

Rebalanced Cards

With the release of Jumpstart and Alchemy, Magic now has digital-only cards that allow its game developers to try new mechanics and ideas that might not be possible in paper formats. One such benefit is the ability to patch cards rather than ban them from play altogether.

Obviously you can’t errata the text on all paper cards at will, but it’s as easy as changing a little bit of code with digital-only cards. Okay, not easy, but still possible.

Alchemy, Magic’s newest format for MTG Arena, also includes rebalanced cards. It’s worth noting that any cards that are rebalanced in Alchemy are also rebalanced for Historic. This makes quite a bit of sense, as having a single card do three different things across three formats would be confusing!

Historic, Decks, and You

Historic has become a self-balancing competitive format thanks to all the answers available in the newly released sets and anthologies. Whether you’re a new player looking to build your first Historic deck or a more experienced player gearing up to use an old favorite, read on for some insight into the current meta in this format!

When it comes to deck building, usually you’ve got to look at the bigger picture. What kind of decks are performing well in the format? What deck types are popular at the moment? What’s the most powerful strategy with the available cards?

There are some popular and successful decks floating around as you’ll see in a minute. The format is flexible and there are plenty of decks that are extremely strong and capable of carrying you into the top 1200 of Mythic, even if they’re not tier 1. We’d be here forever if we went through every one of them, so instead let’s focus on the six most popular.

Izzet Phoenix

Faithless Looting - Illustration by Karl Kopinski

Faithless Looting | Illustration by Karl Kopinski

Izzet () strategies have always been present in Historic. But the introduction of Faithless Looting changed the format entirely. It’s the perfect tool for this deck to reliably send Arclight Phoenix to the graveyard from your hand, then chain other cheap spells like Opt and Consider to bring it back to the battlefield in multiples.

Graveyard hate has been more prevalent in the meta thanks to this, but the deck is solid enough to get over them and still steal wins in the blink of an eye. This is without a doubt one of the big three decks reigning over Historic right now.

Food Sacrifice

The Meathook Massacre - Illustration by Chris Seaman

The Meathook Massacre | Illustration by Chris Seaman

Food Sacrifice originally had Mayhem Devil and Korvold, Fae-Cursed King to outvalue control decks, but it had a hard time beating the more streamlined aggro decks of the format like Gruul.

But it turns out that going two colors and dropping red is actually better, since this deck now has access to a powerful board wipe and sacrifice payoff with The Meathook Massacre and a fantastic creature that can outvalue every other one in the form of Ravenous Squirrel.

Combined with the bread and butter of Witch’s Oven and Cauldron Familiar, this is a solid deck that’s hard to interact with. Only the explosiveness of Izzet Phoenix can match this deck’s power potential.

Azorius Control

March of Otherworldly Light - Illustration by Nils Hamm

March of Otherworldly Light | Illustration by Nils Hamm

Control is more potent than ever. Recent sets provided powerful cards like March of Otherworldly Light to deal with single targets, Divine Purge as one of the most effective board wipes in the format, and many other cards to outvalue your opponents.

The plan is to control the game in the early stages and seal the deal with your planeswalkers. Teferi, Hero of Dominaria and Narset, Parter of Veils are the most commonly used, and they can single handedly turn other decks off and take over games.

If you like control and blue mana, this is your deck.

Mono Red Goblins

Muxus, Goblin Grandee

Muxus, Goblin Grandee | Illustration by Dmitry Burmak

This deck is immensely popular right now, especially in BO1. It revolves around sacrificing goblins as mana resources with Skirk Prospector to have a turn 3 or 4 Muxus, Goblin of Grandee. Muxus then fetches as many goblins as it can from the top six cards of your library and puts them right onto the battlefield.

With a bit of luck, you hit something like Goblin Chieftan plus Krenko, Mob Boss to go wide and attack in with a swarm of hasty goblins. The deck is so powerful and consistent thanks to its built-in tutors that many players favor it over good ol’ mono red aggro. Don’t worry, though, that deck also has a spot on our list!

Azorius Auras

Kor Spiritdancer

Kor Spiritdancer | Illustration by Scott Chou

Our fifth pick is Azorius auras, also known as “UW enchantments.” This deck plays around cheap auras and cards like Kor Spiritdancer and Sram, Senior Edificer to keep drawing more and more auras. The endgame is to get All That Glitters on a creature and protect it with cards like Selfless Savior and Karametra’s Blessing.

This deck is extremely explosive. A turn 1 enchantment creature into a turn 2 Spiritdancer can lead you to pumping your Spiritdancer to eight power by turn 3 and closing the game on turn 4.

Mono Red Aggro

Soul-Scar Mage - Illustration by Steve Argyle

Soul-Scar Mage | Illustration by Steve Argyle

Our second mono red list that made it to the top is here. You can’t have a meta without a proper mono red burn deck, after all. This deck, like pretty much any iteration of red deck wins, revolves around cheap aggro creatures and burn spells. It can pull off some exciting combos thanks to its plethora of wizards like Soul-Scar Mage. Think casting Wizard’s Lightning into Skewer the Critics by turn 2. And keep in mind that Soul-Scar has prowess, which means nine damage by turn 2 and up to another thirteen damage by turn 3.

While mono red aggro is a bit dependent on the draw to have the right cards for an explosive start, it’ll likely spike the meta for as long as the game exists in pretty much any format. While ramp decks are more consistent than these types of aggro decks, the games you play with these are shorter so you’re likely to have a much easier time getting to Mythic playing aggro like this.

Other Deck Options

Aside from these, most mono aggro decks seem to be doing well (no surprise there), but there are tons of different builds you can try in Historic.

BO1 and BO3 queues can vary a lot because you’re more likely to see more aggressive and low-to-the-ground strategies in BO1, while the big three main archetypes reign over the ladder in BO3.

If you’re a player that likes to try new things, the best thing about Historic is that you can use cards from a total of fifteen sets instead of five to eight in Standard, which brings plenty of new opportunities. Except for the suspended/banned lists, you can combine cards from these sets any way you want and you can probably come up with some wild play that will allow you to get at least a couple of wins.

Wink Wink meme

Where to Get Deck Builds

If you’re stuck, though, there’re lots of streamers trying out new builds on YouTube. CovertGoBlue and Merchant have solid decks that you can use and they also explain how they play them, so it might be a good idea to check them out to get a better grasp on Historic. There are also lots of players discussing new strategies on Reddit and posting their successful decks, so you can easily find a solid strategy lurking around there.

Draftsim has a deck database, and you can grab sample Historic lists there.

And, as always, sites like Aetherhub, MTGArenaPro, and MTGgoldfish are an awesome resource to check out other player’s decks and see what’s out there. Maybe get some inspiration, maybe try out something new. Take your pick!

Historic VS. Pioneer/Explorer

Jungleborn Pioneer MTG card art by Scott Murphy

Jungleborn Pioneer | Illustration by Scott Murphy

Just like some other formats announced by WotC, Historic didn’t arrive without its own bit of (even more) controversy. Just after it was implemented and the first events launched, a new paper format was announced: Pioneer.

At the time of the announcement, Pioneer was remarkably similar to Historic which caused quite a bit of unease among fans since WotC said that Pioneer would never make its way to Arena. Luckily they’ve retracted that statement thanks to the community and it’s now present in the form of Explorer.

Pioneer includes sets from Return to Ravnica forward, which as of now are not featured in MTG Arena. Of course, this would mean adding dozens of new sets to the client, which is no small feat. Instead they decided to add the most “iconic” cards from Pioneer in the form of “Anthologies Bundles,” similar to Historic.

WotC has done a great job releasing several remastered sets so far, and is working their way back towards Return to Ravnica. It’ll take quite some time before they get there, though. We’ve traveled back to 2016 so far, so there’s only four years worth of sets left.

It’s pretty clear that WotC wants Historic to be of a much higher power level than Pioneer/Explorer. The latter is played more like a watered-down version of Modern without fetch lands. Historic, on the other hand, is already pushing towards Legacy levels of power.

Historic, Heading Out

Weird MTG card art by Hideaki Takamura

Weird | Illustration by Hideaki Takamura

WotC will always be focused on selling as much Standard product as possible. It’s MTG’s primary source of income, after all. They were originally pretty reluctant to give us full competitive access to Historic out of fear of players ignoring Standard entirely. It seems like their view on the matter has shifted considerably, though, considering all the Historic-exclusive content they’ve been pushing out.

With Standard being in somewhat of a subjectively stale mess right now, lots of players are flocking to Historic instead. The format boasts a variety of decks and some explosive fun for players to fulfill their daily MTG cravings. That said, having Explorer added to the mix will offer a new middle ground between the current formats.

What’s your take on Historic vs. Pioneer/Explorer? Are you looking forward to new sets paving the way for the format on MTGA, or would you prefer Wizards focused on Historic? Let us know in the comments down there or over on Draftsim’s Twitter.

Thanks for your support as always, and we’ll see you next time!

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1 Comment

  • Avatar
    Erwin April 21, 2020 9:26 pm

    Historic can be a fun and non-competitive format but I think that eventually people would rather invest their time in competitive formats. So I do think that Historic would probably decline once Pioneer enters Arena. It’s quite significant that the Wizards database set & legality tab doesn’t have Historic.

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